Kidney Stones

Khaled Fareed, MD -  - Urology

Urology Center of Orange County

Khaled Fareed, MD

Urology located in Fountain Valley, CA

Kidney stones are notorious for causing excruciating pain as they travel through your urinary tract. When you need help passing or removing kidney stones, Khaled Fareed, MD, at the Urology Center of Orange County, specializes in medical support that helps you naturally pass stones and performs today's most advanced procedures for removing stones. If you have sharp waves of pain in your back or side, call the office in Fountain Valley, California today.

Kidney Stones Q&A

What causes kidney stones?

Kidney stones develop from substances that normally dissolve in your urine. When these substances become too concentrated, they crystalize and turn solid. You can develop several types of kidney stones, but the most common ones contain calcium.

What symptoms do kidney stones cause?

Small kidney stones may not cause symptoms. When the stones move around in the kidney, block the opening to the ureter, or leave the kidney and travel into the ureter, you experience symptoms such as:

  • Sharp pain in your back and side
  • Pain radiating to your abdomen or groin
  • Pain that comes and goes in waves
  • Blood in your urine
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Urinary frequency
  • Burning or pain when urinating
  • Urinating in small amounts

 

If the stone blocks the opening to the ureter, urine gets trapped in your kidney. These blockages can cause kidney inflammation and infection.

How are kidney stones treated?

Your stone may pass through the urinary tract without needing treatment other than medications to reduce inflammation, manage the pain, or relax the muscles lining your urinary tract.

If the stone gets stuck, you need medical intervention from the Urology Center of Orange County to prevent complications. In an emergency, Dr. Fareed may put a stent between the kidney and the ureter. That lets the urine flow by rerouting it around the stone while he gives you one of the following treatments:

Shockwave lithotripsy (SWL)

For stones in the kidney or upper part of the ureter, Dr. Fareed performs SWL, a noninvasive, outpatient procedure that uses shockwaves to shatter the stone. Then the small pieces pass through the ureter.

Ureteroscopy

Dr. Fareed guides a flexible scope through the ureter to the stone. Using a camera in the scope to see the stone, he can deploy a small basket to grab and remove it or send out a burst of laser energy that breaks the stone into small pieces.

Percutaneous stone extraction

When you have large stones, Dr. Fareed performs a percutaneous stone extraction, a procedure that usually requires an overnight stay in the hospital.

During the procedure, he makes a tiny incision in your back and inserts a scope through the incision and into your kidney. He uses ultrasound or a small jackhammer-like device to break up the stone and suction out the pieces.

After treating your kidney stones, Dr. Fareed gives you tips for preventing future stones. Of all the steps you can take, the most important ones are getting plenty of fluids and cutting down on salt.

If you develop signs of kidney stones, call the Urology Center of Orange County today.