Testosterone

Khaled Fareed, MD -  - Urology

Urology Center of Orange County

Khaled Fareed, MD

Urology located in Fountain Valley, CA

Low testosterone affects nearly 40% of men aged 45 and older. If you don’t have a sex drive, always feel tired, or have lost your competitive edge, it’s time to get a check-up to learn if low testosterone is at play. At the Urology Center of Orange County, Khaled Fareed, MD, helps men restore their strength and vitality with hormone replacement therapy that brings testosterone back to normal levels. To schedule an appointment, call the office in Fountain Valley, California today.

Testosterone Q&A

Why do men need testosterone?

As the primary male sex hormone, testosterone triggers male reproductive organs during fetal development and causes the physical changes that occur in boys during puberty.

However, testosterone also fills important roles throughout your lifetime. Men need testosterone to:

  • Produce sperm
  • Regulate sex drive
  • Maintain strong bones
  • Build muscles mass and strength
  • Produce red blood cells
  • Grow facial and body hair
  • Metabolize fat

Consistently, low testosterone levels cause changes throughout your body.

What causes low testosterone?

Low testosterone, also called male hypogonadism or more commonly low-T, occurs when your testicles don’t produce normal levels of testosterone.

Health conditions that may cause low testosterone include: 

  • Mumps during adolescence or adulthood
  • Pituitary gland disorders
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Testicular injuries
  • High blood levels of iron
  • Cancer treatment
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Obesity

Age also contributes to low testosterone. After the age of 30, testosterone drops in all men at the rate of up to 2% every year.

What symptoms appear if I have low testosterone?

If you have low testosterone, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Low sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Loss of muscle strength
  • Decrease in beard and body hair
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Fatigue

Though it doesn’t cause obvious symptoms (until a bone breaks), low testosterone also leads to bone loss and increases your risk of developing osteoporosis.

How is low testosterone treated?

When your medical history, symptoms, and physical exam at the Urology Center of Orange County point to low testosterone, Dr. Fareed runs a blood test to determine the levels of several hormones, including testosterone. After verifying low testosterone, he prescribes hormone replacement therapy to restore normal levels.

You can take testosterone in several different forms, including injections, patches, gels, and implantable pellets. Dr. Fareed recommends the best form based on your hormone levels and symptoms.

Pellets are the only form that maintains steady hormone levels for several months. The others cause high levels of testosterone at first, but the levels slowly decline until it’s time for the next injection, patch, or gel application.

If you have symptoms of low testosterone, call the Urology Center of Orange County today.